In this paper, two simple control methods are proposed for improving direct torque control with a constant frequency torque controller (CFTC-DTC) in induction machines. The CFTC-DTC was initially introduced to reduce torque ripple and achieve constant switching frequency in inverters. However, when compared to the original direct torque control, the CFTC-DTC algorithm suffers from slow torque dynamic response owing to the selection of zero-voltage vectors during torque transient. In addition, when the motor operates at low speed, flux droop occurs at sector transitions, which leads to undesirable current distortions. The problem of flux droop occurs because of shortduty voltage cycles and small radial voltage components at low speeds. This paper has two main contributions: to eliminate zerovoltage vectors during torque dynamics in order to establish a fast torque response in the transient state, and to minimize the flux droop at the sector transitions by applying another triangular carrier and modifying the torque output in order to increase the duty voltage cycles at low motor speeds. A detailed analysis of the problems and proposed methods is presented. Experimental results are provided to validate the effectiveness of both proposed methods.
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