This paper presents the design and operation methods for a huge-capacity wind power system. The various studies are included for
the design of a huge-capacity wind power system. Especially, the design of the power conditioning system (PCS) and the grid
connected filter which handle of the high power can cause problems. To deal with the high power, many multi-level and parallel
topologies were developed for the realization of the PCS and a LCL filter is adopted for the design of the grid-connected filter.
However, a circulating current caused by the parallel converter topology and a resonance of the LCL filter can be critical problems
to the wind power system. Moreover, a low voltage ride through (LVRT) requirement of the grid-code is the essential considerations
for a huge capacity wind power system. This paper proposes a development of the parallel converter topology and an optimal
design of LCL filter. The converter is designed by the three-parallel topology to distribute the high-currents effectively. In addition,
the optimal design of the sharing reactor is presented to reduce the circulating current. And the optimal design of the inverter
side inductor which is the base of the LCL filter design is proposed. The proposed design method analyzes the current ripple of
the two-level inverter to operate by the space vector moderation (SVM) method. According to the result of this analysis, the
optimal inductance can be designed. The proposed wind power system which includes the parallel converter and LCL filter has
some problems such as circulating current and resonance.
To solve these problems, this paper presents the compensator based on a PQR power theory. A PQR power theory which can
control the harmonics and reactive power is used for the active power filter. In this paper, the compensator reduces the distortion
caused by resonance and circulating current. Finally, the control method to meet the LVRT requirement is presented. The proposed
LVRT method is includes an improved method for detecting grid faults, the design and control method of the dynamic braking
resistor (DBR) circuit, and the control strategy for the system operations. The simulation model of 2.5MW wind power system is
developed to verify the validity of the proposed wind power system. The performance of the LCL filter, PQR compensator, and
LVRT control method are verified using this simulation model. The 10KW wind power simulator is also made, and its operation
results show the superiority of the proposed wind power system.
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