This paper proposes a model-based optimal control algorithm for the clamp switch of a zero-voltage switching (ZVS) bidirectional
DC–DC converter. The bidirectional DC–DC converter (BDC) can accomplish the ZVS operation using the clamp switch. The minimum
current for the ZVS operation is maintained, and the inductor current is separated from the input and output voltages by the clamp
switch in this topology. The clamp switch can decrease the inductor current ripple, switching loss, and conduction loss of the
system. Therefore, the optimal control of the clamp switch is significant to improve the efficiency of the system. This paper proposes
a model-based optimal control algorithm using phase shift in a micro-controller unit. The proposed control algorithm is
demonstrated by the results of PSIM simulations and an experiment conducted in a 1-kW ZVS BDC system.
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